Fosinopril Oral : Uses, Dosages, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Structure


What is phosphinopril used for?

Fosinopril is commonly used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). Lowering blood pressure helps prevent strokes, heart attacks and kidney problems. This drug is also used to treat heart failure.
Fosinopril is an ACE inhibitor and works to relax blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily.

How to use fosinopril?

Fosinopril is taken directly by mouth one to two times a day, with or without food, according to doctor’s instructions.

Doses are given based on your health condition and your response to therapy.

Antacids containing aluminum or magnesium can slow down the rate of absorption of phosphinopril. If you use this type of antacid, take it at least 2 hours before or after you take fosinopril.

Routine consumption of this drug to get optimal medicinal properties. To help you remember, make sure to always take your medicine at the same time every day. It is important to continue until the dose runs out, even if you feel better. Most people with high blood pressure do not complain of pain.
For hypertension therapy, it may take several weeks for the efficacy of treatment to be truly seen. For the treatment of heart failure, it takes about 2 weeks for the optimal effect of the therapy to be felt. Let your doctor know if your condition has not changed or worsened (such as blood pressure settling at the same rate or actually increasing).

How is fosinopril stored?

This drug is best stored at room temperature, away from direct light and damp places. Do not store in the bathroom. Don’t freeze it. Other brands of this drug may have different storage rules. Observe the storage instructions on the product packaging or ask your pharmacist. Keep all medicines out of the reach of children and pets.                             
Do not flush medicine in the toilet or in the sewer unless instructed. Discard this product when it has expired or if it is no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company about how to safely dispose of your product.


The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment.

What is the dose of fosinopril for adults?

Follow the rules given by your doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment. If you have questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

What is the dose of fosinopril for children?

Follow the rules given by your doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment. If you have questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

At what dose is phosphinopril available?

Fosinopril is available in the following dosages.
Tablets, oral, sodium: 10 mg, 20 mg, 40 mg

Side effects

What side effects can be experienced due to fosinopril?

Seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of the following signs of an allergic reaction: hives, difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Contact your doctor immediately if you experience serious side effects, such as:

  • dizzy head, wants to pass out
  • rarely urinate or not at all
  • fever, chills, aching body, flu symptoms
  • severe blistered skin, flaking, red rashes
  • pale skin, bruising or bleeding, unusual fatigue
  • heart beats or beats hard
  • slow heartbeat, weakened heart rate, weak muscles, tingling sensation
  • jaundice
  • chest pain
  • swelling, drastic weight gain

Other more common side effects are:

  • cough
  • muscle or joint pain
  • dizziness, headache, tiredness
  • Nasal congestion or runny nose
  • nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
  • skin rash or mild itching

Not everyone experiences these side effects. There may be some side effects not mentioned above. If you have concerns about certain side effects, consult your doctor or pharmacist.


Prevention & Warnings

What should be known before using fosinopril?

If possible, before receiving fosinopril injection, tell your doctor if you:

  • allergic to fosinopril, benazepril (Lotensin), captopril (Capoten), enalapril (Vasotec), lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril), moexipril (Univasc), perindopril (Aceon), quinapril (Accupril), ramipril (Altace), trandolap (Macepril , or other medicines
  • tell your doctor or pharmacist about medications you are currently taking or will use when you are taking medication with fluvastatin, including prescription / nonprescription drugs, herbs, vitamins, and nutritional supplements. Be sure to mention these medicines: diuretics (‘water pills’), lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid); and potassium supplements. Your doctor may change the dose or monitor you during therapy for possible side effects
  • if you take antacids (Maalox, Mylanta), take these drugs 2 hours before or after fosinopril
  • tell your doctor if you are on dialysis and if you have / have had lupus; scleroderma; heart failure; hypertension; diabetes, or liver or kidney disorders
  • tell your doctor if you are or will be planning a pregnancy or breastfeeding
  • if you are going to do a surgical procedure, including dental surgery. Tell your doctor if you are using fosinopril.
  • it’s important to understand that diarrhea, vomiting, lack of fluids, and excessive sweating will cause blood pressure to drop dramatically, which will cause the head to feel light (dizzy) and faint

Is fosinopril safe for pregnant and lactating women?

Pregnancy Time Pregnancy category according to FDA Explanation
Trimester 1 C Studies show that there are adversive effects and lack of adequate research in pregnant women
Trimester 2 D Studies conducted in pregnant women show the risk of fetal defects. However, consideration of potential drug efficacy in lethal cases outweighs the risk
Trimester 3 D Studies conducted in pregnant women show the risk of fetal defects. However, consideration of potential drug efficacy in lethal cases outweighs the risk

There is not enough information about safety in using this drug during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Always consult your doctor to consider the potential benefits and risks before using this medicine.


What medicines might interact with fosinopril?

Drug interactions can change the performance of your medication or increase the risk of serious side effects. Not all possible drug interactions are listed in this document. Keep a list of all the products that you are currently or have used (including prescription / nonprescription medicines and herbal products) and consult your doctor or nurse.

  • gold injection to treat arthritis
  • Lithium (Lithobid, Eskalith)
  • potassium supplements
  • a salt substitute containing potassium
  • diuretic

Can food or alcohol interact with fosinopril?

Certain medicines should not be used when eating or when eating certain foods because drug interactions can occur. Consuming alcohol or tobacco with certain drugs can also cause interactions to occur. Discuss your use of drugs with food, alcohol, or tobacco with your health care provider.

What health conditions can interact with fosinopril?

Other health conditions that you have can affect the use of fosinopril. Always tell your doctor if you have other health problems, especially:

  • angioedema, its history – Fosinopril can make this condition recur
  • dehydration
  • diarrhea
  • heart failure
  • hyponatremia (low sodium level in blood)
  • kidney disease – can cause blood pressure to drop dramatically when using fosinopril
  • liver disease – side effects can increase due to the slow process of secretion of drug residues


What should I do in an emergency or overdose?

In cases of emergency or overdose, contact the local emergency services provider (112) or immediately to the nearest hospital emergency department.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you forget one dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. But when it is nearing the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to the usual dosage schedule. Do not double the dose.


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