Carboplatin: Uses, Dosages, Side effects, Prevention & Warnings, Interaction, Overdose

Use

What is Carboplatin used for?

Carboplatin is a drug used to treat various cancers, such as ovarian cancer, bladder cancer, breast cancer , and lung cancer. This drug is classified as a cytotoxic chemotherapy drug, more specifically alkylating. Carboplatin is a drug that can also be used without or with other drugs to suppress the growth of cancer cells.

How to use Carboplatin?

Follow the rules given by your doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment. If you have questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Carboplatin is a drug that is usually given intravenously (intravenously) and injected for 15 minutes by a health professional.

The dosage of the drug depends on your health condition, body weight, and your body’s response to treatment. Normally, this drug should not be given more than 4 times a week. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

How to store Carboplatin?

Carboplatin is a good medicine that is stored at room temperature, away from direct light and damp places. Do not store in the bathroom. Don’t freeze it. Other brands of this drug may have different storage rules. Observe the storage instructions on the product packaging or ask your pharmacist. Keep all medicines out of the reach of children and pets.         

Do not flush medicine in the toilet or in the sewer unless instructed. Discard this product when it has expired or if it is no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company about how to safely dispose of your product.

Dose

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment.

What is the dose of Carboplatin for adults?

The dosage given for each patient is different. Follow the instructions given by the doctor or the instructions for use contained in the package. The dosage available in the package is a general dose. If the dosage you take is different from what was stated, do not change the dosage of the medicine unless recommended by your doctor.

The dose and many drugs you take each day, the time for each dose, and the time you take to take the medicine depends on your health condition.

What is the dose of Carboplatin for children?

There is no stipulation for the dosage of this drug for children. This medicine can be dangerous for children. It is important to understand the safety of drugs before use. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

In what dosage is Carboplatin available?

Carboplatin is a drug that is only available in injection doses of 10 mg / mL.

Side effects

What side effects can be experienced due to Carboplatin?

Seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of the following signs of an allergic reaction: hives, difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Contact your doctor if serious side effects occur, such as:

  • Pale skin, fatigue, difficulty breathing, uncontrolled heartbeat, and difficulty concentrating.
  • Easy bruising, unusual bleeding (on the nose, mouth, vagina or rectum), red or purple skin.
  • Fever, chills, body aches, flu, and sores in the mouth and throat
  • Severe vomiting
  • Stomach ache, dark urine and feces, jaundice (in eyes and skin)
  • Amused, even the hands and feet are numb
  • Hearing and vision impaired
  • Magnesium decreases (confusion, unstable pulse, stretching and weakening of muscles, and weakness).

But generally, carboplatin is a drug that will cause normal side effects such as:

  • Nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite
  • Feel tired
  • Hair loss
  • Redness, pain or swelling (on the injection site).

Not everyone experiences the following side effects. There may be some side effects not mentioned above. If you have concerns about certain side effects, consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Prevention & Warnings

What should be known before using Carboplatin?

You should not take this drug if you are allergic to Carboplatin or other similar drugs such as oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) or cisplatin (Platinol). Do not use Carboplatin is a drug that can cause severe bleeding or problems with the bone marrow . You should contact a doctor immediately if:

  • Having liver disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Weak immune system
  • Never consumed Carboplatin before

Is Carboplatin safe for pregnant and lactating women?

There is no adequate research on the risks of using this drug in pregnant or nursing women. Always consult your doctor to consider the potential benefits and risks before using this medicine. This drug is included in the risk of pregnancy category D according to the US Food and Drugs Administration (FDA)

The following are references to pregnancy risk categories according to the FDA:

   A = No risk,

  B = No risk in several studies,

   C = Maybe risky,

   D = There is positive evidence of risk,

   X = Contraindications,

  N = Unknown

Interaction

What medicines might interact with Carboplatin?

Drug interactions can change the performance of your medication or increase the risk of serious side effects. Not all possible drug interactions are listed in this document. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription or nonprescription medicines and herbal products) and consult your doctor or pharmacist. Do not start, stop or change the dose of any drug without the doctor’s approval.

Taking this drug with the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may not prescribe this drug to you or it will replace some of the drugs that you are already taking.

  • Rotavirus Vaccine, Live

Carboplatin is a drug that will react to live Rotavirus vaccine. Taking this drug with the drugs below can increase the risk of side effects, but in some cases, the combination of these two drugs may be the best treatment. If both of these drugs are prescribed to you, your doctor will usually change the dosage or determine how often you should take these drugs.

  • Fosphenytoin
  • Phenytoin

Can food or alcohol interact with Carboplatin?

Certain medicines should not be used when eating or when eating certain foods because drug interactions can occur. Consuming alcohol or tobacco with certain drugs can also cause interactions to occur. Discuss your use of drugs with food, alcohol, or tobacco with your health care provider.

What health conditions can interact with Carboplatin?

Other health conditions that you have can affect the use of this drug. Always tell your doctor if you have other health problems, especially:

  • Smallpox (new or old)
  • Shingles (shingles) – can affect other parts of the body
  • Hearing problems – can get worse due to taking this drug
  • Infection – Carboplatin can weaken the body’s defense system
  • Kidney pain – Carboplatin is a drug that can slow down the disposal of toxic substances in the body.

Overdose

What should I do in an emergency or overdose?

In cases of emergency or overdose, contact the local emergency services provider (112) or immediately to the nearest hospital emergency department.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

If you forget one dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. But when it is nearing the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to the usual dosage schedule. Do not double the dose.

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